Q1) Describe the Sustainable transport Mode?
Q2) Explain the Following?
a) Second line of Defance?
b) Changing Technology
c) Shipping Weakness and threats
d) Ship disposal
Q3) Who are the actors in shipping?
Q4) Case – 1
Today shipping has become more globalize than the air line industry perceptions have changed nations and companies are willing to use ships that fly any flag provides they offer competitive freights to move cargo/people safely and effectively from point A To B national strategic interest has also receded since the advent of flag of convenience ships. For ship owners and operators of flag of convenience, their interest now loess in operating efficiency and maximizing profits recent examples of this phenomenon are Falklands, Iran / Iraq wars and the invasion of kauit in all these cases the limitations of these ships under their own flag did not pose a problem. The ships available far exceeded the logistical requirement for the conflicts, and chartering their vessels was relatively easy.
a) What does the above scenario show?
b) What does this prove?
c) What does it prove to our country – INDIA
Q5) Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the Indian?
Q6) Describe the advantages and disadvantages and standards of EDI?
Q7) Explain the cost and value service principle?
Q8) What is the principle of “WHAT THE TRAFFIC CAN BEAR”.
Q9) what are quality Management Systems?
Q10) Explain Impact of Competition on rates?
Q11) Describe the complete structure of shipping Operations?
Q12) Explain the following in brief?
a) Bulk Cargo market.
b) Iron Ore trade.
c) Coal trade.
d) Grain Trade.
e) Shipping Demand Forecast.
f) Operating Cost.
g) Ship Market.
h) Freight Market.
Q13) Explain Financial Management with the help of the following points.
a) Debt Equity Mix and Dividend.
b) Treasury Function.
c) Funds from international sources.
d) Trading activities.
e) Shipping Business.
f) Buying and selling of ships.
g) Foreign Exchange transactions
Q14) Case ——–II
- The Indian cultural belief in “Karma” if it is for the upliftment of oneself
- Indian society’s acceptance of creation of riches by a person by his/her ownefforts.Wealth is seen as God’s gift.
- An almost mythical belief of bringing oneself above the masses both in excellence and in wealth. The impact of this belief is so deep that we have accepted the “lotus” as our national flower which blooms even in dirty ponds without its natural beauty and fragrance being affected.
- A large sea coast and a large coastal population which earns its living from sea resources.
- A growing offshore oil industry which provides support to the shipping industry, especially in times of depression in the shipping industry.
- The existence of English as a widely spoken language which happens to be the lingua franca of the shipping industry.
- Recent growth in net worth of non-resident Indians and Indian ventures abroad who can be both investors and users of shipping services.
Until now, my comments and questions have been straightforward but the problem ahead is to find the best possible solution which, if adopted or practiced, may provide a stimulus for the growth of the shipping industry.
The shipping industry, in view of its globalizes operations, is so complex in nature, high on capital requirement and low on returns (IRR), especially in comparison to some other industries, such as a manufacturing, in a overpopulated country like India
It will be difficult to attract existing industrialists from other sectors to the shipping industry unless sea transportation forms a captive part of their business or the government provides sufficient subsidies and protections as incentive.
Therefore, my friends, the burden for growth of Indian shipping lies on our shoulders, being the shipping managers in the forefront of the industry. Failure on our part will not be pardoned by the future generations involved in shipping.
a) Why will it not be pardoned by future generations?
b) How can executives and managers of that Indian shipping industry take advantage of these opportunities?
c) So now the question is: what level playing fields are relevant today?
d) Issues on which a ship-owner should commit himself to the nation?