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NMIMS JUNE 2018 1ST SEMESTER ASSIGNMENTS
BUSINESS COMMUNICATION AND ETIQUETTE
1. Share the organizational grapevine that you have experienced in your career or industry. In your opinion please highlight how grapevine communication is beneficial & detrimental to any organization.
2. To facilitate inter-departmental cooperation, what measures would you recommend to your colleagues and subordinates to take? What kind of barriers in communication do you face and what is your strategy to overcome them?
3. You are the leader in a healthcare industry. You often work closely with your Corporate Communications and PR team so they can ensure a positive brand image for your chain of hospitals.
a. To stay updated and connected with the latest trends in the industry, state and justify your opinion on the importance of boundary spanning?
b. A recent incident of insensitive patient interaction at your hospital has tarnished your image in the media. What will you do to control the damage and handle the crisis?
1. Demand forecasting is not a speculative exercise into the unknown. It is essentially a reasonable judgement of future probabilities of the market events based on scientific background. Explain the statement by elaborating different qualitative and quantitative methods of demand forecasting. Which of the methods described by you is most suitable for forecasting the demand for “expensive mobile” and why?
2. Which market is characterized by the “competition among few”? How is this market different from the “competition among many”? Explain how the producers in this kind of market promote their own interests by giving real world examples like OPEC, Cement Cartels, etc.
3. A) Explain how the consumer attains utility maximisation and producer ensures cost minimization with the help of indifference curve and isoquant technique.
3. B) “There is a high cross elasticity of demand between new and old cars”. Discuss the statement by explaining the features of cross elasticity of demand. Also compare and contrast cross elasticity with other types of elasticities of demand.
INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR MANAGERS
1. The Healthcare industry is inundated with massive volumes of data generated each minute. With the adoption of electronic health, mobile health and wearable technologies this is poised to increase dramatically over the next few years. This comprises of data that exists in the form of records, compliance & regulatory requirement. The recent trends demonstrate the transition from maintaining data in hard copies to digital data. As the Chief-Information-Officer (CIO), of a reputed hospital in the city, the management and you are in talks of migrating this data to the cloud. What are the benefits of adopting the cloud and the major challenges that you anticipate to face with regard to cloud adoption? Give justification for adopting the cloud.
2. Information Technology (IT) has become an integral part of the modern supply chains. Explain the concept of Supply Chain and with the help of an example from the retail sector, discuss how Information Systems are helping the organization in improving its supply chain performance. Mention any two future IT trends in supply chain.
3. Digital music is gaining firmer ground in India. 56 percent of digital music revenue in Asia comes from music streaming. Players like Gaana, Hungama, Saavn, Wynk etc. offer users to stream music online and save songs offline with a premium subscription. They have grabbed a significant share of the audience who have given up the traditional methods of downloading music to streaming it online. Advertisers and telecom providers have also joined the bandwagon. The primary reasons for this growing popularity can be attributed to the rise in the number of digital natives, improved internet connectivity, more localized curated song lists, personalization of content, competitive pricing, huge library , availability across different platforms, simple user interface and sharing digital music with others across social platforms. Despite this, the path to profitability is challenged by user ability to willingness to pay for subscription, low advertising prices, and high content costs.
a. How do you think these companies use analytics to lure customers to use their app or convert the existing ones from “freemiums” to “premiums” (the subscription based model)? What are the different type of analytics? Does using analytics benefit the companies?
b. Define Social Media and explain how these companies use Social Media to increase their business? Is it a wise choice to use social media to connect with customers?
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
1. Sustainability is the current focus of business community globally and businesses worldwide are including sustainability considerations in their strategic business decisions as well as long term plans. Choose any one current and live company, Indian or Multinational and explain how it is implementing any three sustainability actions to reduce their negative environmental footprints and why (refer to the sustainability report of the chosen company).
2. With the introduction of Companies Act 2013 for the first time CSR has been legally acknowledged. Study the section 135, CSR rules as well as Schedule VII of Companies Act 2013. According to you explain 10 logical reasons why in the Companies Act 2013 CSR spend has been made selectively applicable for businesses in our country.
3. “Society is one of the critical stakeholders of business”.
a. How does business impact local community positively as well as negatively?
b. With the help of a live example from any company, Indian or Multinational, elaborate how businesses are finding innovative ways to bring benefits to themselves as well as to the local communities in which they operate.
1. What is the role of a leader in motivating his/her subordinates? Explain the impact of leadership styles on subordinates with the help of three different theories of leadership in brief.
2. In a large office an employee named Rozy may feel like a mere payroll number, but her informal group gives her personal attachment and status. With the members of her group she is somebody, even though in the formal structure she is only one of a thousand employees. She may not look forward to monitoring 750 accounts daily, but the informal group gives more meaning to her day. When she thinks of meeting her friends, sharing their interests, and eating with them, her day takes on a new dimension that makes easier any difficulty or tedious routine in her work. Suddenly Rozy developed some interpersonal and intergroup conflicts with some powerful members of the group. The group did not accept her. Her work became more disagreeable and compelled her to a transfer, to absenteeism and to a resignation.
Questions: Although informal groups may lead to several benefits, can these groups prove harmful? Suggest some measures for Rozy to check the dysfunctions of informal groups?
3. Hari Sinha is a marketing executive with Hardbyte Computer Peripherals Ltd. Hardbyte is a company with 10 years of existence and has a sound product range in computer peripherals. It sells its products at a slightly higher price in the market because of its goodwill for quality. Hari Sinha is one of the best marketing executives of the company and enjoys several company benefits for his excellent performance. Hari’s boss Sudhir Pradhan is thoroughly satisfied with his work and likes Hari. Hari likes to sell to institutional buyers rather than small-time domestic customers. Hari also likes to work on challenging customers but not at the cost of wasting too much time on to please them. He constantly keeps himself focused on the targets to be achieved for the month and tries to reach the maximum. For him, it matters to be ahead in the race of selling and therefore he works very hard and smart. Sudhir has always tried to ensure that Hari is given enough scope to explore the potential customers on his own. He of course, feels a little worried about Hari’s attitude towards those marketing executives who sell to small customers. He is at times belittling in his attitude towards them and even ridicules their efforts. However, Sudhir has tried to ignore this because of Hari’s performance.Due to the recent slack in the IT industry, Hardbyte’s business with corporate customers has dipped. Because of this Sudhir, has reallocated the targets to all the marketing executives. However, he knows Hari’s fetish for corporate clients too well. But he also knows that Hari will have to be forced to go to small customers for promoting the products. Sudhir, is aware of the fact that Hari is a man of strong likes & dislikes and hence he is in a fix. He is also apprehensive that if Hari is not given an appropriate assignment then he may even consider leaving his job. Sudhir was fully aware that Hari had no dearth of opportunities. Sudhir knows that the dilemma that he is facing is serious and will have to be resolved suitably.
a) In a rapidly changing global scenario, what is the contribution of Individual Behavior in Organizations from the perspective of attitude, and perception?
b) How understanding of personality helps in enhancing organization’s effectiveness?
MANAGEMENT THEORY AND PRACTICE
Q1. Explain with examples, what type of leader is Sundar Pichai (CEO Google). What kind of leadership style does he practice?
Q2. A team leader in an organization wants to take feedback about his leadership from his peers, superiors and subordinates. List the various tools of verbal and non-verbal communication that can be developed for this purpose.
Q3. Ajay had always been an outstanding performer throughout academia. As expected he also got placed at his dream company. This company offered him lucrative compensation, great fringe benefits, job security and encouraging superiors. Two years have passed by at this company and Ajay no longer has the same thoughts about the job; though all has been the same. Ajay seems to have got bored of his mundane job and salary hikes don’t seem to motivate him anymore. He is on the verge of withdrawing.
a. What according to you is wrong with Ajay.
b. Discuss Herzberg’s two factory in the light of the case.
NMIMS JUNE 2018 2ND SEMESTER ASSIGNMENTS
1. In today’s corporate scenario undergoing long drawn litigation is expensive and time consuming. The senior management of your company has given you a project to find the feasibility of Alternate Dispute Resolutions (ADR). Please prepare a short brief on what is ADR, its types, advantages and practical examples where ADR is feasible than conventional litigation.
2. Junaid is an investigative journalist assigned to identify and bring to light negligence of the Municipal Authority at Mumbai. Junaid is currently investigating whether the initiative of segregation of garbage has been fully implemented but he has not received any response from the authorities. Please help Junaid under what law he can legally obtain information along with the procedure, timelines and cost involved.
3. Rakesh had planned to go for short holiday in Goa along with his wife. He started looking out for hotels in Goa and based on various websites and reviews he had booked a Le Grand Hotel in North Goa. He paid the money in advance and the booking was confirmed. On reaching this hotel, he found that the hotel was not as per the hotel’s website and reviews. Further, on reaching the hotel he realized that the pictures displayed on the website were in such angle so as to conceal the real look and image of the hotel property. Rakesh demanded a refund, but the Hotel refused stating that Rakesh was supposed to check before booking and quoted the principle of “Caveat Emptor”.
Please help Rakesh in the following:
a. Is Rakesh’s claim defeated under the principle of Caveat Emptor? Please give reasons for your answers.
b. Assuming if Rakesh wanted to pursue this case before a Consumer Court, what are the remedies he would apply for?
1. The sample data from a research survey conducted in various cities on the amount of time 13-15 year-old children spent with mobiles are as follows:
|City||Time with mobiles
(hours per week)
For the above sample, determine the following measures:
i. The mean
ii. The standard deviation
iii. The mode
iv. The 75th percentile
Based on your calculations comment on the time spent on mobile.
2. ‘Mumbai Ice Cream an ice cream store gives relationship between ice cream sold and temperature. The store has taken a sample of a week’s data. Below you are given the results of the sample
i. Which variable is the dependent variable?
ii. Compute the least squares estimated line.
iii. Is there a significant relationship between the sales of cones and temperature?
iv. Predict sales of a 95 degree day.
3. According to one of the recent study conducted by an academic researcher on international placement of students from leading institutes in India there is a high variation in the salary offered by institutes. The following details have been gathered from the placement institute of the colleges. The researcher wants to understand the trends with regard to international placement based on the data he has gathered.
|Amount (in USD in lakhs per annum )||Age||Marital Status||Type of institute||Gender|
a. Using descriptive statistics explore salary, and identify factors that appear to influence the amount of the salary received.
b. Do a correlation analysis between ‘Amount’ and ‘Age’ and interpreted the coefficient of correlation.
ESSENTIALS OF HRM
1. Define Job Specification. Create a job specification for the position of a tele caller for an E tailer.
2. Differentiate between recruitment and selection. List and explain some of the recruitment methods in the digital age.
3. ‘Speedcall’ is a five year old telecommunications company. As a part of the strategic management to achieve its vision, it decides to conduct training for its first line staff selling over the counter products. The company does a thorough research and decides to conduct trainings on the topic of ‘customer centricity’ , realizing that giving importance to customers will be the only way to sustainable business. The company hires outside trainers to conducts training based on the outline created by the L&D department of the company. Almost 500 first line staff members are trained and after a year the company sees no effect on sales/ revenue.
a. What do you think is the reason behind failure of the above initiative?
b. Elaborate on the concept of training need analysis with reference to the above case.
FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING & ANALYSIS
Q1. From the following information of A star Ltd. prepare the Cash Flow statement for the year ended 2018 as per AS – 3.
|Equity share capital||220,000||250,000||Machinery||200,000||230,000|
|9% Preference Share Capital||100,000||110,000||Building||150,000||176,000|
|Profit & Loss A/c||104,000||134,000||Stock||84,000||98,000|
|Provision for Tax||10,000||12,000|
Q2. Balance Sheet for JK Ltd. for the year ended 31st March 2016 & 2017
|Equity Share Capital||200,000||200,000||Land||50,000||50,000|
|9% Preference Share Capital||150,000||150,000||Building||150,000||135,000|
|Reserves||100,000||122,500||Plant & Machinery||150,000||135,000|
Profit & Loss Account for JK Ltd. for the year ended 31st March 2016 and 2017
|To Cost of goods sold||300,000||375,000||By Sales||400,000||500,000|
|To Operating Expenses|
|To Interest on Debentures||8,500||12,750|
|To Net Profit||75,000||95,000|
Using the tool of commonsize financial statement analysis, comment about the improvement or decline of financial performance of the company.
Q3. The following extracts are available from the financial statements of companies V ltd. and J Ltd. for the year ended 31st March 2017: (Rs. In Lakhs)
|Particulars||V Ltd.||J Ltd.|
|Revenue from operations||1,500||6,000|
From the above information answer the following questions with the help of suitable ratios:
- Which company has better solvency using current ratio and share value using earning per share?
- Which company would you recommend for investment? Justify.
- Which company has efficiently employed capital using return on capital employed and better operational efficiency using operating profit ratio?
- Which company would you recommend for investment? Justify.
Q.1) Carrefour is a French Retail Giant wanting to enter into India’s multi-brand retail industry. Perform a PESTLE analysis for Carrefour’s entry strategy into India.
Q.2) Hindustan Motors has ceased to produce “Ambassador” car since 2014. Assuming you to be the new CEO of this company, suggest ways & means of resurrecting the brand “Ambassador” by building a Competitive Advantage.
Q.3) Geely, a Chinese automotive major wishes to enter into India to offer its automotive brands in the Indian market.
A) Perform Porter’s 5 forces analysis.
B) Based on Porter’s 5 forces analysis, suggest whether the company should enter into India or not. Suggest the reasons behind entry or non-entry into the Indian market.
1. Briefly discuss the various stages of a Product’s life cycle, giving examples of products which are currently in each of these stages and the marketing strategies adopted by them.
2. Mitsui Fonda, the world’s leading automobile manufacturer, is considering launching a hybrid concept car which runs on three fuels: water, electricity and petrol. Priced at Rs. 30 Lakhs, the company is considering making a foray into the Indian markets. To assist the company in taking key decisions, prepare an exhaustive list of all the external environmental variables elucidating all the possible business, market and consumer related information that would be required by Mitsui Fonda, to understand the Indian market and consumer.
3. ‘Zeal’ is a cosmetic brand that has products ranging from suncare to facial moisturisers, deodorant and shower products for men as well as women. While the women’s range comprises beauty and skincare products such as sunblocks, moisturizers, day creams, night creams, shower gels and deodorants, the men’s range comprises grooming and skincare products such as shaving cream / gel, aftershave balm, day cream, moisturizer and deodorant. For its range of products, the company targets the youth ranging from an age bracket of 15 – 30 years. Having gained significant popularity with consumers and being a trusted brand for the past decade, the company is now planning to diversify its product range to the next level and venture into health care products such as honey, energy drinks, immunity-building beverages etc.
a. Which of the following strategies will you choose:
- Extend the existing Zeal brand to the energy drink segment or
- Launch a new brand with a completely new brand identity
Justify with a suitable argument discussing the pros and cons of the strategy.
b. Accordingly suggest the most suitable target audience and an appropriate positioning for the brand; given the competition in the health care products.
NMIMS JUNE 2018 3RD SEMESTER ASSIGNMENTS
1. Nokia wants to regain its market share in the smart phone category. As a Marketing Manager design a suitable questionnaire with an objective of understanding Nokia’s customer perception in the current scenario.
2. Suggest ways in which a leading brand of electronic brand can focus on ensuring customer loyalty on a long term basis.
3. Xiaomi launched its affordable smart TV Mi TV 4A in India. The Chinese tech major had launched its flagship Mi TV 4 in India on 14th February 2018. The new Mi TV 4A is expected to replicate the success of its higher placed sibling with similar features on offer and an even smaller price tag.
Xiaomi claims that the price point and specifications of the new TV series will let the Indian market shift to a Smart TV segment that has otherwise been limited to high-end TVs. The success of the TV can be predicted by looking at the high demand of the Mi TV 4 55-inch that was launched just two weeks ahead of the new SmartTV series.
a. Suggest a suitable STP for the new launch.
b. How will Xiaomi’s existing image help the product category of Television.
1. ABC Company is a solution provider for the market entrants. Your client XYZ wants to introduce his product in the market. As a Service provider analyse the various forces of Micro Environment so that it could help his client to identify all possible threats and opportunities in the market.
2. The five forces Model by Porter is a vital tool for analysing the industry in which it operates. You are required to analyse how it has aimed to examine the five key forces of competition in case of Apple Inc., American multinational Technology giant.
3. A) You are working in a reputed market Research Company. You are asked by your senior to prepare a short presentation for your clients explaining them the importance of Market research in today’s Era and also how the company will help the Client to have a better Business Opportunity.
3. B) Enumerate the various steps/Process to effective Market Research that can be carried out for an Organisation.
1. Pick up an organization and discuss the various factors an operations manager should consider before choosing a production processing system for the organization?
2. With reference to a particular organization, explain the inputs of MRP System?
3. An electronics company purchases transistors at Rs.30 per unit. An annual requirement of the transistors is 5000 units. The ordering cost is Rs.200 and carrying cost is Rs.4 per unit, lead time is 5 days.
a. Calculate EOQ
b. Reorder point based on the given information.
(Assume 275 working days).
ORGANISATIONAL THEORY, STRUCTURE AND DESIGN
1. You are a consultant at Super Manufacturing; a family owned company is having 4 members of the family as the main decision maker. Generally they take decisions with experience. The company is facing a big problem of low performance and low morale of the employees. Discuss the various approaches of organizational effectiveness and find out the most suitable approach to effectiveness in such situation.
2. Megha recently joined Capex Healthcare Pvt. Ltd.’ As a Factory Manager. Before joining she was working as a factory manager of Index Healthcare Solutions. Comparatively a small system with a simple organizational structure. Generally, a simple organisational structure is followed in small-organisations comprising of the owner and a few employees. As the number of employees increases, the layers in the organisational structure also multiply, which results in a complex structure of the organization. Thus, a complex organisational structure is a result of various divisions of an organisation spread across the globe. Discuss the common problems Ms. Megha will face in managing new organization. What she can do to overcome with this problem.
3. ‘Pebble Pharmaceuticals’ is facing a big issue of conflict between Amit the production head and Prashant the head of Purchase department. A full lot of cough syrup is ready but cannot be dispatched because labels are not available. The purchase department takes labels once in a year to reduce the cost. If any specific demand will come from the departments they follow the due process of purchase. Although the store department already made a request for labels when cough syrup production started but Prashant is waiting on the request from Mr Amit the head of production. It happened because last year Amit and Prashant had a big conflict of sub-standard purchase, huge raw material was rejected by production department due to substandard quality. Prashant has taken it a personally and trying to play politics against him.
a) Describe the type of conflict discussed and what are the possible outcomes of such conflicts.
b) Suggest how the organization can avoid such conflicts.
1. A Project costs ₹ 1,00,000 and is expected to generate cash inflows as:
The cost of capital is 12%. Calculate Profitability Index and suggest whether project should be accepted or not.
2. Alok works in an organization which has debt and equity in its capital structure. The net income of the firm is ₹ 2,00,000. The organization pays ₹ 50,000 every year as interest component to debenture holders. Calculate the weighted average cost of capital if the cost of equity is 12% and cost of debt is 9%. If the company’s new project will provide a return of 10%, suggest whether company should make the investment or not.
3. Mr. Sharma was working with Delta Ltd for the past five years. The company was planning for expansion and required a funding of ₹ 20,00,000 for the same. He was considering two financial plans and expected EBIT due to expansion was ₹ 8,00,000. Apart from equity(Face value ₹10) , if the company raised debt, cost of debt was 8%. Tax rate is 35%. Calculate EPS for each financial plan and suggest which financial plan is better for the firm.
3a) Plan A: Funding through 100% equity
3b) Plan B: Funding through 50% Equity and 50 % Debt
TAXATION – DIRECT AND INDIRECT
1. Mr. Fernandez has a portfolio of equity shares worth Rs. 2 crores by current market valuation. He had inherited the shares from his father 10 years ago. He has become extremely concerned about the introduction of 10% LTCG tax on equity shares in this year’s Union Budget. Not sure about the impact of this newly introduced tax, he is contemplating selling of all the shares before 31st March 2018, and escaping the taxation. He has sought your opinion on this. Prepare a detailed report citing the implications of the LTCG tax, and guide Mr. Fernandez in his decision making.
2. ABC Ltd.’s profit before tax as per P&L account was Rs. 240 crores. The following information was available regarding ABC Ltd on scrutiny:
- During the year, it had paid royalty of Rs. 40 crores to a German company, but TDS was not deposited with the IT department till the time of filing income tax returns.
- For a bill of Rs. 30000, ABC Ltd made cash payment of Rs. 30000 to the vendor on 29th January 2018.
Critically analyze whether the above expenditures will be allowed or disallowed as deductions, with reasons, discussing the applicable sections. What will be the impact of such allowance / disallowance on the computation of Profits and Gains from Business or Profession of ABC Ltd for the AY 2018 – 19? (10 Marks)
3. A) Harish, an Indian citizen, leaves India for the first time on May 22, 2015 for London and returns on April 9, 2017, and stays in the country thereafter. Determine the residential status of Harish for the assessment year 2018-19?
3. B) During the assessment year 2018 – 19, Harish (the above mentioned person) had the following details of income:
|Interest on UK Development Bonds (50% of the interest amount is received in India)||100000|
|Income from a business in Chennai||2000000|
|LTCG on sale of shares of an Indian company||200000|
|Dividend from an Indian Company||500000|
Compute the taxable income in the hands of Harish for the AY 2018 – 19.
CAPITAL MARKET AND PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT
1. The following data shows the return of ABC Ltd and the market:
|Year||Return on ABC(%)||Return on Market (%)|
Calculate the beta of ABC Ltd and interpret.
2. The details of portfolio of Mr. Singh are:
|Stock||Expected Return||Standard Deviation||Weight|
Covariance of stock Wipro and Infosys is 0.0064.
Calculate return and total risk of the portfolio.
3. Nisha has just completed her MBA and has joined an investment management firm as an analyst. On the first day of her job, her manager gave her data of two portfolios and asked her to suggest which one is a better portfolio.
Risk-free rate is 8.5%, Return on the market portfolio is 15%, Standard Deviation of the market is 8%.
a. Suggest which portfolio has outperformed the market on the basis of Jensen index.
b. Suggest which portfolio is better on the basis of systematic risk using Treynor ratio.
COST & MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING
1. The CEO of a leading fan manufacturer is concerned about certain teething issues involving sales of ceiling fans. Ceiling fans come in several models, and each model has numerous Stock Keeping Units (SKUs) involving different colours, blade size etc.
Tastes and preferences of consumers vary widely across the vast geography of the country. Recently there have been numerous complaints from the divisional sales offices across the country that they have received supplies of fans in colours and blade sizes, which are not popular in their territory. This has led to loss of sales as distributors in their regions would not accept those fans. Sales people have not been able to achieve their quarterly sales targets, leading to de-motivation and attrition. The CEO has approached you to review the Management Accounting process in the company in the light of the above events. Critically analyze the issues at hand, and suggest a suitable roadmap for the company to revamp its Management Accounting process.
2. Due to economic depression, a company is running its plant currently at 50% of its capacity. The following details are available:
- Cost of Production per unit:
- Direct Materials – Rs.6
- Direct Labour – Rs. 2
- Variable Overhead – Rs. 4
- Fixed Overhead – Rs. 4
- Production per year – 20000 units
- Total Cost of Production – Rs. 320000
- Total Yearly Sales – Rs. 300000
- Loss – Rs. 20000
An exporter offers to buy 5000 units per year at the rate of Rs. 13 per unit. The company is hesitating to accept the offer for the fear of increasing its already incurring operating losses. Advise whether the company should accept or decline the offer.
3. A) The budgeted working conditions for a factory are as follows:
- Normal working week – 45 hours
- Number of machines – 30
- On maintenance etc., normal weekly loss of hours – 4 hours per m/c
- Estimated annual overhead – Rs.153750
- Estimated direct wages rate – Rs.2.00 per hour
- No of weeks worked per year – 50
The company uses Machine Hours as a base for apportioning overhead costs. Estimate the overhead absorption rate per machine hour.
3. B) For the above company, during a four week period, the actual results are as follows:
- Overhead incurred – Rs.11000
- Wages incurred – Rs. 11200
- Machine hours produced – 4500
Calculate the amount of under or over-absorption of both wages and overheads.
MARKETING OF FINANCIAL SERVICES
1. Design a Financial Literacy program for a Mutual Fund (Asset Management Company) of your choice.
2. One week ago you bought an endowment policy from a private Life Insurance company. On receiving the policy copy, you realize that the Life Insurance policy was mis-sold. Would it be possible for you to return the policy? What strategy would you follow to settle the matter with the insurance company?
3. Ashwin Kothari, aged 35 years, is employed with a MNC. His wife Rimmi, aged 33 years, is also working part – time. The couple has two children – daughter Rima aged 6 years and son Vansh aged 4 years. Ashwin and Rimmi require your help to make a few financial decisions. (Give justification and reasoning for the option you would suggest to your client. You can make any assumptions to further build up your case.)
a. Children’s higher education: Child plan of a life insurance company or a Mutual Fund SIP along with a Life Insurance term plan.
b. Retirement Planning: Fixed deposits or Mutual Fund SIPs in a diversified equity fund.
STRATEGIC COST MANAGEMENT
1. X Ltd has to replace its machine and the production manager has to decide between Machine A and Machine B. Machine A is having installation cost of ₹ 160 and annual electric bill ₹ 200. Machine B has installation cost of ₹ 760 and annual electric bill of ₹ 80. If both have life of 8 years which machine will you recommend if interest rate is 9 % for five years. P/V factor @ 9 % for 8 years is 5.5348
2. A company manufacturing two products furnishes the following data for a year.
|Product||Annual Output Units||Total machine hours||Total No. of purchase orders||Total No. of setups|
The annual Overheads are as under:
|Volume related activity cost ( Activity driver-Machine hours )||₹ 5,50,000|
|Setup related cost||₹ 8,20,000|
|Purchase related cost||₹ 6,18,000|
You are required to calculate cost per unit of each product A & B based on
i. Traditional method of charging overhead and
ii. Activity based costing method
3. Project X Involves an initial outlay of Rs 32,400.Its working life is 3 years. The cash streams are as follows
|Year||Inflows ₹||P .V Factor @ 14%||P .V Factor @ 16%|
a. NPV at 14 % & 16%
COMMERCIAL BANKING SYSTEM & ROLE OF RBI
1. Cash Reserve Ratio plays an Important role in the economy and RBI plays an important role in monitoring inflation through CRR .Discuss how RBI perform this critical function using CRR as an instrument.
2. Assume you are a CEO in a bank. Your Bank has been nominated as one of best branches in managing its liabilities. Highlight through a presentation on the various components of liabilities a bank has and how these liabilities acts as a source of funds with which bank finances its operations.
3. A) You have recently joined a bank. Your manager ask you to prepare a short presentation on Asset Liability Mismatch. Describe in detail about ALM and its significance in banks.
B) As an actuarial in an insurance company, discuss how ALM plays an important role in this sector.
1. Discuss the critical importance of the ‘Need for Regulations (both Internal as well as External)’ in the Banking industry. Express your views with reference to the recent turmoil in the Banking industry, which in turn adversely affects other sectors/ markets as well.
2. With reference to the rural areas and the Agricultural sector, discuss the guidelines given by the RBI on ‘Priority Sector Lending’. Also explain what options the Banks have as ‘Channel Partners’ to reach rural customers.
3. The Banking industry being a ‘service industry’, customer service is an important aspect of the Retail Banking setup. This is true for commercial/retail banks as well central banks and the regulators/government. Discuss the following questions that affects the customers to a large scale in the retail banking setup.
a. With the process of Demonetization implemented over a year ago, discuss the issue of change of currency notes (money product) in retail banking. Have the banks provided proper customer service for the same issue?
b. With emphasis on Digital/ E-payments, with incentives/concessions provided to make non-cash transactions through digital modes, highlight the various benefits and risks the customers may face during these modes of financial transactions.
COMPENSATION & BENEFITS
1. Assume that you are the HR manager of a multinational manufacturing organization. Devise a compensation plan to accommodate the needs of the employees.
2. Analyse the current reward trends and comment on the pros and cons of those trends.
3. “A competitive compensation plan is not only favourable for the employees but it also perks up the company’s performance. It alters an employee’s focus towards generating more revenue for their organization and empowers them to overcome their departmental schedules”.
a. Do you agree with the above statement? Explain your reasons with examples.
b. What approach can be adopted by companies to make the compensation plan more holistic?
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS & LABOUR LAWS
1. Anil is a rural worker, working in an establishment which carries manufacturing of plastic sacks used for packing cement. This establishment is owned by a registered to manufacturing process. The number of workers work in two shifts, with each shift lasting for around 7 hours. The total number of workers employed by the establishment is 154. Anil and the other workers have issues with their health as the unit is not kept clean. They have to face problems with regard to drinking water also. Sunil, another employee, suffered an accident because the unit was not well lit. The owners do not take the complaints seriously stating that none of the labour laws apply to the manufacturing unit. Advise Anil.
2. Amit was working in a factory. He was employed in lifting the goods with a crane. Abhay another employee was given the job of stacking the goods together, before they could be lifted by the crane. Abhay had to go home early, but the owner refused to leave him until he completed his task. In a hurry to complete the job Abhay overburdened the goods. When Amit, lifted the goods with the crane, the goods toppled and fell an Arvind, an employee, who was standing below. This accident resulted in the death of Arvind.
After a few days, the dependents of Arvind came to the employer and claimed for compensation. The employer refused stating that it was not his fault that led to the accident and it was the carelessness and negligence of Amit and Abhay which led to the accident.
Advice the Dependants.
3. A) An organization was in operation for the past 20 years. The organization gave a bonus every year during Diwali. For the past two years the organization did not give a bonus stating the reason that the company had not earned any profits. However, the balance sheet reflected clear profits. When the workers raised this issue the employers did not pay any heed as the workers were lacking a collective bargaining power. Without a trade union existing the workers found it difficult to fight for their rights. The employers also threatened to file a criminal conspiracy case against the workers. Analyze the case and advice the workers on a suitable solution.
3. B) Arjun was Director in a company. The company has units across the country – 2 in cities and 4 in rural areas. Each unit has approximately 30 to 40 workers working. The wages of each employee are different. Also the employees doing the same work but working in different units were not paid the same wages. An employee who was transferred from a rural unit raised this issue with the trade union. The trade union asked Arjun to get all the wages of all the employees at par. Arjun replied stating that disparities in wages was allowed.
Is Arjun justified in giving different wages to different employees working in different areas?
MANPOWER PLANNING, RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION
1. Performance appraisal has been one of the core functions of HRM. In the scenario today when attrition has increased and cost savings are the need of the hour, do you feel that Performance Appraisal is still a required function? Why?
2. Why is Succession Planning important for companies? Give atleast two examples from Indian / Foreign businesses.
3. A training program on Customer Service was designed for petrol pump attendants in the state of Gujarat. Due care was taken to include matters most relevant to the petrol pump attendants and that would contribute to their productivity. The training program was not found effective inspite of it being conducted in the local language and by experienced trainers.
a. What according to you may be the possible reason for the failure of the program?
b. Discuss factors that should be considered while designing a effective training program.
1. ABC Ltd, a medium sized IT firm, has hired you as a consultant to help the company correctly understand the cultural patterns in the organization. Before this, there was no attempt made to look at the culture of the organization. You decide to use Hofstede’s model of organizational culture to make the company understand cultural patterns. In this background, explain Hofstede’s model.
2. Consider the following two characteristics of XYZ Ltd, an online retail start up.
- Promoters don’t have proper awareness of firm’s strengths and weaknesses
- Promoters are not aware of opportunities and threats
Based on the above characteristics, identify the type of culture that XYZ has and then point out other characteristics of the same type.
3. In the fresh recruitment drive, 25 new employees have joined your organization which is a medium sized textiles manufacturing firm. One of the tasks on your hands is to make these fresh employees well aware of present organizational culture. Explain how will you use following ways to make these new employees learn the organizational culture?
b) Material symbols
PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
1. Assume that you have just joined a start-up organization which is around 6 months in existence. Explain to the Founders of the company the elements of an effective performance Management System and putting forward a convincing argument in favor of implementing a Performance Management System.
2. Disha Enterprises is a 5 year old organization in the manufacturing space. The organization has seen challenges likes conflicts among team members and also a growing number of First Time Managers. The organization is deliberating on introducing Coaching and Mentoring in the organization. Keeping the above background in perspective will a Coaching and Mentoring program help Disha Enterprises?
3. Assume you are an HR manager in a small company which has recently introduced Performance Management System for its employees. The employees are being coached on the concepts and application of the same.
a. Explain the concept of SMART goals.
b. Provide 2 illustrations of SMART goals.
Q1. Patanjali is an Indian brand of Ayurvedic, herbal and wellness products. In 2014 Patanjali was already competing with The Himalaya Drug Company which was then in the Rs 1500 crore turnover range, with targets around 12% growth. Himalaya however, is a much older company than Patanjali, founded in 1937, though it started thinking of itself as an FMCG player only as late as 2009. It has also expanded beyond pharma to wellness and personal care, has its own stores, sells online – a very similar journey in fact. In that context, Patanjali’s growth is indeed commendable. (Biotique is a beauty brand also based on the Ayurveda platform but has not expanded its product range.)
Its growth becomes even more astounding when we look at Patanjali’s revenue declaration for FY 2016-17, where the brand clocked a revenue of INR 10,000 Crore. Baba Ramdev declared that he was on a “MNC bhagao” mission, and that Patanjali would take over as the largest brand in a year or two, eventually wiping out MNCs.
There haven’t been that many new, successful entrants in the FMCG world in the recent past at the national level. Barriers to entry are the high cost of awareness required for a national brand (read celebrity endorsements and mainstream TV advertising), managing a sophisticated network and uniform quality control. A big cost saver for the brand was that they didn’t need to spend on advertising in the initial years because of the high brand recall of Baba Ramdev whose popular TV show and public appearances had gained him mass media awareness at a very low cost. The brand has now launched a series of advertisements about its various products the most famous being the Dant Kanti Ad which openly takes on other toothpaste brands. It is a separate matter that many of Patanjali’s ads are reported for being misleading and challenged in Court.
After entering and expanding in the food and grain market in the last two years. Patanjali has announced to enter in the apparel sector with the prospective launch of Patanjali Jeans and expand its presence in the fast food sector, by opening Quick Service Restaurants which would provide over 400 vegetarian fast food items.
Critically analyze the brand extension strategy of Patanjali with respect to whether it would have positive effects on the brand? What are the risks associated with such a strategy for Patanjali?
Q2. Lenskart is India’s one of the biggest eyewear company. It was founded in 2010 by Peyush Bansal. Lenskart is India’s first eyewear online portal that offers an excellent service of providing eye glasses and lenses. After becoming the number one online store for eyewear in India Lenskart has also started offline stores throughout the country.
Peyush Bansal is the founder and CEO of Lenskart. He was born on 26 April 1985, and went to McGill University, for graduation in the branch of Electrical – IT, Control & Automation. After that, he did his post graduate diploma in entrepreneurship at IIM Bangalore. After his studies, he went to the USA and worked for Microsoft Corporation as a Program Manager. He worked there for one year and came back to India to pursue his dream of becoming an entrepreneur. After returning to India he began his journey as an entrepreneur and started an online classified business with a website called searchmycampus targeted to college students. While this business was going well Peyush conceived an idea of selling specs online in India.
Lenskart also operates in countries like Australia, US, UK and many other countries.The main objective of Lenskart is to providing high-quality eyewear to millions of Indians at affordable prices, giving free eye check ups at home and by extending the services to the remote corners of India.
The biggest challenge that Lenskart faced was to persuade the customers to rely on online store as an alternative way of purchasing. The company needed to change the pre-set traditional mindset of people and instill confidence in them that they sell quality eyewear products at prices better than their brick-and-mortar counterparts. The company raised 4 million Dollars in the first round of funding in 2011 from IDG. Then in 2013 company raised 10 million dollars from Ronnie Screwvala-led Unilazer Ventures Pvt. Ltd. In the third series of funding in 2015 Lenskart had raised 22 million dollars from TPG Growth. Hong Kong-based TR Capital and existing investor IDG Ventures. In the last round of Investment company raised Rs.400 crore from World Bank arm IFC, Ratan Tata, and Infosys co-founder Kris Gopalakrishnan.
Analyze the marketing strategy of Lenskart? What are some of challenges it faces and how can it overcome them?
Q3. Cinthol, a heritage brand from Godrej Consumer Products Ltd, has prospered in the highly competitive bathing soap market in India as the brand has managed to keep pace with changing consumer preferences through marketing actions. After three decades with a single product under the brand name Cinthol, in 1968, the company introduced New Cinthol in a new package, fragrance an shape. An new advertising campaign was designed for New Cinthol, which was positioned on the freshness platform. Subsequently, variants of the brand, such as Cinthol lime, Cinthol fresh, Cinthol cologne, Cinthol deo and Cinthol Fresh Aqua, were launched. The brand gradually extended to include deodorant sprays and talcum powder.The primary target for the brand has been the Indian male,and the company has used well-known male film stars as brand ambassadors to communicate the brand promise of confidence that comes from the freshness and deodarising properties that Cinthol offers. The brand depicts the active outdoor man as the context for brand communications. Cinthol has changed its portfolio, communication strategy and execution, and the packaging and other marketing mix elements to keep the brand contemporary. The brand core promise of freshness and protection that gives self-confidense to the user, however, has remained consistent.
The current campaign tries hard to push the brand into the youth space. Created by Creativeland Asia, the TVC depicts a few youngsters enjoying the product at various water bodies, highlighting the new tagline, ‘Alive is Awesome’. Sajan Raj Kurup, founder and creative chairman, Creativeland Asia says that the new campaign is an experiential one which will go beyond traditional media. “Over the years, I have seen Cinthol stand for an invigoratingly cool and alive soap brand. I felt that it’s time cinthol claimed back its standing in the experiential era. It celebrates and recognises a more adventurous and international India. And, a less inhibited and intimidated Indian,” he adds. Thus, the insight behind the campaign was to generate a whole new idea with the ‘Alive is Awesome’ tagline.
a. Discuss the branding and marketing strategy used by Cinthol.
b. How has Cinthol managed to survive and thrive over the years?
1. You are an American breakfast cereal company & wish to enter into India. Elaborate on the International Marketing research process steps to understand more about the buying habits of Indian consumers.
2. You are the CEO of Home Depot & wish to enter into India. Suggest any 3 entry options to enter into India. Which one amongst the 3 suggested entry options, would you finally choose & why?
3. You are an Indian exporter of the following 2 products:
- Dry fruits
a. Suggest Best practices in Packaging & also suggest as to how will you overcome the common problems plaguing packaging for Spices.
b. Suggest Best practices in Packaging & also suggest as to how will you overcome the common problems plaguing packaging for Dry fruits.
1. Inter-Globe Enterprises started its operation in august 2006 with main focus on low fares and best service in the industry. At the point Jet Airways and Air India was leading Domestic airlines in India. Indigo adopted a low frill strategy and emerged as pioneer in changing the face of the struggling aviation industry. Today it is one of the fastest expanding airlines of India
Pls explain the STP strategy adopted by Indigo in Indian Airline segment and also define the Market challenger strategy adopted by them to overtake Jet Airways in terms of market share.
2. Describe in Detail the Pricing strategy adopted by top 3 Smart phone manufacturers in India – Apple, Samsung and Micromax.
3. Online Marketing Strategy – Case study
- While traditional channels of advertising — TV, radio, and print– are certainly not obsolete, marketers today are finding creative and effective ways to reach an information-hungry, Internet-oriented populace. Marketers and brands alike are trying to reach their target audience through channels that these consumers use most.
- Internet as a means of communication has given rise to several new marketing tools that may be much more effective and cost-efficient in validating an ad campaign that has high recall value for today’s on-the-go and wired customers.
- Keeping in mind the changing consumer behaviour, here’s a closer look at the marketing and promotion activities of India Premier Retailing house
- Of the early adopters of Omnichannel retail, Shoppers Stop has been active in leveraging the potential of digital and social media to market and promote the brand.
- The company has 7 million fans on Facebook, making it the largest big-box retailer on Facebook in India. The Twitter page has above 15,000 followers and its YouTube channel has received over 13 lakh views till date.
- Shoppers Stop engages with its Facebook fans by creating unique contests such as ‘Perfect For’ Me that provides suggestions to fans based on their likes, search history etc. The company claims to be the first Indian Retailer to have created a ‘How to…’ series on youtube channel.
- These were the series of fun, instructive, engaging, and youth-centric videos that give customers fashion and grooming tips. The videos range across topics such as ‘How to dress for a party’ to ‘How to tie a tie’, to ‘How to apply make-up’ etc. Customers also get the choice to buy the products showcased in these videos via the e-store. It also introduced ‘Style Hub’ videos on its YouTube channel. It is a fashion content property that features a set of videos which showcase different styles and looks.
- The company claims that its loyalty programme is one of the most highly regarded programmes in the retail industry. With over 3.5 million members contributing to over 71 per cent of sales, ‘The Shoppers Stop First Citizen Loyalty Programme’ has been one of the company’s strongest marketing tools – a lesson to learn for other retailers.
a. What strategy must Shoppers stop adopt to compete with Online retailers like Amazon, Flipkart and Snapdeal in India?
b. As a Shoppers Stop Marketing strategy head would you recommend A) focusing on brick and mortar (traditional retailing model) or B) divert resources to engage with clients on New Online / Mobile platform? State the necessary reasons for the same.
1. Maggi brand of Nestle is contemplating to make a foray in soft drink market. Based on this assumption, prepare selling strategy for intermediaries (wholesaler & retailer) & customer (end user).
2. UCS is into hygiene business catering to hotel industry since last three decades. It is planning to expand its business in other parts of the country. As a Sales Manager draft a suitable sales action plan for UCS.
3. Papper-mint is a new brand of casuals which is to be launched in niche segment. The product line consists of T-shirts, jeans, cotton trousers, watches and eye-wear. The brand is targeted at the younger audience. The brand is to be marketed through the franchise stores which will be exclusive and on retail boutiques.
a. Design a Selling Strategy to be adopted between the company & the franchise.
b. Suggest suitable compensation methods which you will follow for the employees.
CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT
1. If you had to choose from the models of CRM, which one would you opt for? Justify how the chosen model will benefit the BFSI sector.
2. As a customer which kind of loyalty do you demonstrate towards your preferred brands? What primarily drives you to be loyal towards a provider?
3. Tasty Treats is a café chain you have started from ground up with your hard work, focus and perseverance couple of years ago. After breaking even, recently your cafés are gaining popularity and you are expanding your business. The growth is rapid and your staff seems unprepared for the increase in volume of customers and managing the interactions smoothly.
a. Your staff doesn’t understand the consumer’s perception of the complaint process. Explain it to them in a simplified manner to better equip them to avert complaints.
b. How will you guide your staff to handle complaints from irate customers, in case they occur?
ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING
1. Explain business model of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) using Four Box Business Model. If you were CEO of TCS, which element of this business model you would like to change for increasing revenue of TCS?
2. Acme Mart is a five-year old retail chain company having 20+ retail stores across Mumbai and Pune. It is expected to grow its store network to more than 100 stores in next five years. Would you recommend data warehousing to this company? Justify your recommendation.
3. “What brought us here will not take us there!” Mr. Kale started the annual review meeting with this statement. Being a Founding Director of Indictrans Pvt. Ltd., Mr. Kale was well aware of efforts put over years by all managers participating in this meeting. With these efforts, Indictrans Pvt. Ltd. has become one of the largest service providers for open source ERP software called ERPNext. Mr. Kale now wants its company to grow further at faster rate by entering new markets and channels.
a. What action items would you recommend to Mr. Kale for aggressive growth of Indictrans Pvt. Ltd.?
b. Which ERP trends will you recommend to Indictrans Pvt. Ltd. to focus on for its future growth?
1. Logistics companies in India are waking up to the global trend of offering green services to their customers and are showcasing what they do to reduce their carbon footprint. In your organization how will you have Green Manufacturing incorporated in Logistic Planning?
2. Physical distribution has two major objectives, namely decreasing the cost of delivery and increasing customer service levels. Discuss briefly with examples, various objectives in terms of total cost goals and customer service goals.
3. You have joined PerfectParts Manufacturing Co as Operations Head. You observe the organization does not have a formal inventory management system and use Ad Hoc approach for inventory management. Also the number items in the inventory are very high. Your priority is to quickly reduce the quantities of items and the number of items.
a. State the techniques you can use to reduce quantities of items.
b. State the techniques you can use to reduce number of items.
SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
1. You are a SCM consultant appointment by a Pharma company who wants to lease a warehouse in a Metro like Mumbai. Considering short term life cycle of following FIFO, maintaining safety stocks & quick retrieval is extremely critical. Considering high rentals in Metro, leasing space is equally critical. Movement of material fairly depends on -customer’s requirement as forecasted; the process of which is fairly established. Please suggest steps that consultant should keep in mind to suggest solution to his Pharma clients for inventory management. Do you think VMI concept may help here for non-shelf life kind of items here?
2. With the Independence Day around the corner, Small Basket a grocery retailer has announced “Drop till you shop” offer wherein it is offering online groceries at rock bottom prices. Tempted by the attractive prices, Mrs. Chandru decides to shop using the Small Basket app. When she browses the app, she discovers too many appealing deals, and as a result shops much more than what she normally would have. When Small Basket launched this scheme in 2015, they sold goods worth Rs. 26 million. Encouraged by the response, they ran the scheme for three days in 2017. During this three day period, approximately two million people shopped for a variety of produce. There were reports that the company experienced out of stock situation for stocks of several popular items (grocery and staples, fruits and vegetables) that had been exhausted. Predicting the demand for such schemes is always a tricky job. How do you think Small Basket can forecast better to avoid stock-outs in this case? Do firms that forecast correctly rely on cross-functional as well as cross-organizational trust? (With suppliers and distributors). Justify your answer.
3. Starbucks is pretty much a household name in India now. But like many of the most successful worldwide brands, the coffee shop giant has been through its periods of supply chain pain. In fact, during 2007 and 2008, Starbucks leadership began to have serious doubts about the company’s ability to supply its 16,700 outlets globally. As in most commercial sectors at that time, sales were falling. At the same time though, supply chain costs rose by more than $75 million.
Supply Chain Cost Reduction Challenges
When the supply chain executive team began investigating the rising costs and supply chain performance issues, they found that service was indeed falling short of expectations. Findings included the following problems
- Fewer than 50% of outlet deliveries were arriving on time
- A number of poor outsourcing decisions had led to excessive 3PL expenses
- The supply chain had, (like those of many global organisions) evolved, rather than grown by design, and had hence become unnecessarily complex
The Path to Cost Reduction
Starbucks’ leadership had three main objectives in mind to achieve improved performance and supply chain cost reduction. These were to:
- Reorganize the supply chain
- Reduce cost to serve
- Lay the groundwork for future capability in the supply chain
In order to meet these objectives, Starbucks divided all its supply chain functions into four key groups, known as “plan” “make” and “deliver”. It also opened a new production facility, bringing the total number of U.S. plants to four. Next, the company set about terminating partnerships with all but its most effective 3PLs. The remaining partners were then managed via a weekly scorecard system, which was aligned with renewed service level agreements.
Supply Chain Cost Management Results
By the time Starbucks’ supply chain transformation program was completed, the company had made savings of more than $500 million over the course of 2009 and 2010, of which a large proportion came out of the supply chain, according to Peter Gibbons, then Executive Vice President of Global Supply Chain Operations.
a. What is the significant and substantial change according to you is taken by Starbucks to improve on overall performance of their supply chain.
b. How do you think objective laid down by Starbucks Leadership would have helped them to achieve this sustainable improvement in supply chain?
TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT
1. All Automobile manufacturers have a strategic alliance with their suppliers. What do you think are the many important factors their relationship depended on? Discuss with examples.
2. Hero Honda Motors have a Quality Circle under the name “Sunrise Quality Circle”. Similarly many other Indian organizations have successfully implemented the concept of Quality Circle. What are the objectives of these organization for Quality Circle and what do you think are the factors for its success?
3. You are Head of a manufacturing unit and want to implement control chart in one of your injection molding shop. Hourly random 500 units are inspected for defects and the average defectives are 3.5%.
a. What type of control chart will you use and what will be its control limits?
b. What are the other types of control chart used in monitoring a process?
NMIMS JUNE 2018 4TH SEMESTER ASSIGNMENTS
BUSINESS ETHICS, GOVERNANCE & RISK
1. Today’s global economy is a knowledge economy. There is a demand for a new type of multinational, multifaceted globally responsible and aware manager, who is operational across national borders. You are working with a global company in which you spend time in different countries as part of your business responsibilities. What competencies do you think you have and which ones do you need and why to fulfill your role successfully?
2. Do you believe that the production of biofuels is a viable solution for addressing both the world’s energy needs and global warming? Why and why not, discuss the ethical pros and cons of your answer.
3. Three years ago, Dinesh Thakur exposed how India’s then largest drugmaker and his former employer, Ranbaxy Laboratories, failed to conduct proper safety and quality tests on drugs and lied to regulators about its procedures. He made his name, and almost $48 million as a whistleblower award from the United States, when U.S. regulators fined Ranbaxy $500 million for violating federal drug safety laws and making false statements to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
a. Under what circumstances would you be compelled to blow the whistle as an employee in an organization?
b. If you are the employer, how can you prevent whistle blowing, explain.
Q1. What is Sampling?
Which kind of sample is being used in each of the following situations:
i. A reporter asks 100 people on the street what do they think of the current state of crime against women
ii. A survey is conducted to understand opinions of people in Gujarat towards the Modi govt. A sample of 100 men and 100 women across all age groups is chosen uniformly
iii. A survey is conducted among neuro surgeons. Starting with the first neuro surgeon, he is asked to refer to another neuro surgeon and so on.
Support with a rationale.
Q2. What is a pilot test? What are the considerations that need to be kept in mind by a market researcher while designing a questionnaire?
Q3. You are the Product Manager of a leading telecom company which is facing stiff competition due to the entry of Reliance Jio.
a. State the management problem(s) that your company might be facing and the corresponding research objectives that your research will aim to cover.
b. Briefly describe the research methods that you would use towards this research.
1. You are in charge of selecting a location for passenger car manufacturing plant. Which location would you recommend? Justify your choice against a set of selection criteria.
2. You are in charge of estimating cost for setting up a sulfuric acid plant in a town in Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra. Which elements will you consider for estimating cost of the project? Explain each element as it relates to given requirement. Why this cost estimation is needed?
3. “How could that be possible? It’s simply not possible!” Mr. Pitambar Gadge was really in a state of shock when he was informed that construction of new manufacturing plant would get delayed by six months. “This was two year long project. How could you have schedule variance of almost 25%? And how could you tell me now, when we are just few months away from our project completion deadline? This is simply ridiculous!” Mr. Gadge went on saying.“Sir, we had challenge in hiring skilled labor for this project. It seems Mr. Puri went on hiring skilled labor without proper skill assessments. When Mr. Iyer inspected quality of work, he was not satisfied and strongly recommended us to redo the work to ensure expected quality. This additional work will result into delay of up to six months”, came the response from Mr. Dwivedi, the manager of the project.
a. Which type of risk was overlooked in this case? How would you have assessed its probability and impact as a project manager? Justify your assessment.
b. Do you agree that this case illustrates triple constraints of the project? Explain. How you would have responded if you have been in place of Mr. Iyer? Explicitly state your assumptions if you are making ones.
1. Prepare an advertising campaign for a newly started chain of restaurant having presence across the country.
2. A new brand of airline named ALM has recently introduced its airline services in India. The brand has an objective of being the market leader as it has been in other country. India being a new market for them will require a proper blend of marketing mix elements. Suggest marketing mix for ALM in India.
3. A nationalized bank is facing difficult situation with respect to retaining their existing customers as these customers are shifting to private sector bank or foreign bank. Private & foreign banks offer better services & work for longer duration during the day which the nationalized bank lacks. As a consultant
a. Suggest a suitable repositioning strategy for the nationalized bank.
b. Explain the element of physical evidence & its importance in nationalized bank.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS AND MARKETS
1. Krishna has recently joined an investment management company and his profile consisted of money market instruments. His manager in order to estimate his understanding of the market, asked him to prepare a report on the instruments of the market. Suggest which instruments of the financial market should be included in his report.
2. Nisha has completed her graduation and had started working in an MNC. She was able to save good amount every month so she thought of making investments. She had heard about capital market from her friend Alok. She decided to approach him to understand the process to start investments in capital market. If you are Alok, mention step by step process to Nisha, keeping in mind she doesn’t understand trading mechanism.
3. Alok was working in the portfolio management department of Alpha Ltd and had new recruits to whom he was supposed to provide training on the risks associated with the financial market as apart from earning returns they should be well aware of the risks that can be managed and which ones cannot be managed in a portfolio. He decided to broadly classify the risks in two categories and explain the different types of risks associated with each one. If you are Alok,
3a) Explain different types of risks associated with systematic risk.
3b) Explain different types of risks associated with unsystematic risk.
1. Finance minister Mr. Arun Jaitley announced in the budget about long term capital gain tax, share market gave negative reaction on it, explain the reaction of FII or FPI on long term capital gain tax.
2. “The Eurocurrency market owes its existence to differences in national financial regulation combined with declining barriers to international capital movements.” Do you agree with the statement? Explain with the help of various Euro-Currency Market instruments.
3. The Chinese government’s move to ban waste paper amidst environment concerns is expected to benefit the Indian paper manufacturers. Waste Paper (WP) is one of the major sources of raw material used for manufacturing the recycled paper products. The recycled paper products are extensively used for manufacturing packaging materials like corrugated boxes. The Chinese Government’s decision to ban waste paper imports has caused a drop in global waste paper prices. As a result, the price of recycled paper in China, used for packaging material, has increased due to short supply of WP. Indian manufacturers using waste paper stand to benefit on account of lower global waste paper prices (on excess supply) and higher realization for recycled paper.The global shortage of wood pulp has resulted in increasing prices of finished paper. Indian wood pulp based having requisite self-sourcing (farm forestry) are expected to benefit from increasing global finished paper prices.The companies like West Coast Paper, TNPL and NR Agarwal Industries which majorly import waste paper for manufacturing processed recycled paper are expected to improve margins on account of falling waste paper prices. As per the industry reports, the global price fall in waste paper is evident as the old corrugated containers (OCC), the most common form of waste paper, fell from €150 per tonne in July 2017 to €135 per tonne in December 2017. Also, the prices of Kraftliner, the recycled paper manufactured by processing the waste paper, have risen from €642 per tonne in July 2017 to €694 per tonne in December 2017.
a. Paper manufacturing Industry is one of the important industry for India and China, from above paragraph explain the positive and negative effects on the revenue of Indian paper exporter.
b. What will the impacts on FOREX because of Government of China Decision on paper bans? How India can take advantage of it?
STRATEGIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
1. From the following details supplied by Amaya Plastics ltd. you are required to:
a. Calculate the Net Present Value
b. Calculate the Discounted Payback Period
For each Capital Expenditure proposal given below:
|Details||Proposal A||Proposal B|
|Initial Cost||Rs. 20,00,000||Rs. 15,00,000|
|Expected life||10 years||8 years|
|Cash flows before tax after depreciation||Rs. 3,00,000 each for first four years Rs. 2,00,000 for next 6 years||Rs. 2,00,000 each for first five years Rs. 3,00,000 for last three years|
|Estimated scrap value||Rs. 50,000||Rs. 1,00,000|
The discounting factor is 12% and tax rate 30%.
2. Kailash Ltd. Earns Operating Profit (EBIT) of Rs.1,80,00,000 at existing capital structure. You are required to calculate financial leverage and EPS with the help of following information
|Particulars||Amount in Rs|
|13.5% Debentures ( FV 100)||4,00,00,000|
|15% Cumulative Preference Shares( FV 100)||1,00,00,000|
|Equity Share Capital ( FV 10)||3,00,00,000|
Tax rate 35%
3. A) Naysha Ltd. has the following capital structure as on 31st March, 2017
|10% debentures (before tax) (Rs)||300000|
|9% preference shares (Rs)||200000|
|Equity shares of Rs.100 each||500000|
The equity shares of the company are quoted at Rs.102 and the company is expected to declare a dividend of Rs.9 per share for the year. Tax rate is 40% required.
Calculate the cost of capital.
3. B. Discuss the cheapest form of raising long term finance with reference to Question 3 (A) and state the reasons for the same.
INSURANCE AND RISK MANAGEMENT
1. Alok has completed his MBA and has joined the insurance industry. He was recruited for non-life insurance. He wanted to prepare himself with various types of non-life insurance policies offered in the industry, so he approached his brother who was also working in insurance industry to brief him. If you are his brother elaborate on various types of policies offered in non-life insurance category.
2. Neha was accompanying her manager in selling life insurance. Her manager wanted her to understand the different factors that affects the cost of life insurance. He asked her to make a small report covering the factors. Help Neha to prepare the report.
3. In the insurance sector, underwriters or actuaries use various methods to determine the rates of premium. As an insurance company is a profit business, the rate of premium charged for insurance must be sufficient enough to provide for losses and expenses while at the same time earn profit for the company. Alok works as an actuary in an insurance company. Suggest which method of premium calculation would be used in the following cases:
a) Same rate of premium is charged from individuals under the same situation.
b) Method frequently used by commercial fire insurance companies.
INTERNATIONAL BANKING & FOREIGN EXCHANGE MANAGEMENT
1. Many Indian Companies are not listed in US stock market because the procedure of listing is not easy, what are the other ways to raise capital in USD? Explain their types in details.
2. Foreign exchange exposure is said to exist for a business or a firm when the value of its future cash flows is dependent on the value of foreign currency / currencies. If a British firm sells products to a US Firm, cash inflow of British firm is exposed to foreign exchange and in a case of the US based firm cash outflow is exposed to foreign exchange. What are the different types of exposure in foreign Exchange transaction? How to reduce it? (10 Marks) 3. Punjab National Bank on Monday detected fraudulent transactions worth Rs 11,300 crore at its Brady House branch in Mumbai. The PNB in its cautionary note to other public and private sector banks said that the suspected fraud was carried out by the perpetrators in collusion with the staff. It went on to explain the modus operandi of the scam and said: “It was found through SWIFT trail that one junior level branch official unauthorisedly and fraudulently issued Letters of Undertaking (LoU) on behalf of some companies belonging to Nirav Modi Group for availing buyers’ credit from overseas branches of Indian Banks.” It further said that none of the transactions were routed through the Core Banking Solution or CBS system, thus avoiding early detection of fraudulent activity. a. What is the CBS that the bank official bypassed to issue fake LoU by using SWIFT?
b. What was the role of Punjab National Bank‘s Officials in this fraud? How they use NOSTRO account of Punjab national Bank?
TREASURY MANAGEMENT IN BANKING
1. In today’s era, due to the uncertainties in the economic environment, most Organizations have increased their cash holding. As a part of the treasury team in an organization, highlight some of the best practices in treasury operation with respect to cash holdings.
2. Mr.X has been appointed as a controller/Treasurer in a treasury Department. Discuss the role of Mr.X in an organization as a Controller.
3. A) You are working in cash Payment department of an Investment bank. Highlight the advantages of Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) while making payments across borders.
3. B) Discuss on the mechanism of information transmission through SWIFTS.
EMPLOYEE DEVELOPMENT & TALENT MANAGEMENT
1. JK Tyre is one of the leading tyre manufacturing companies in the country with a sales turnover of Rs 10,000 corers. It is either number one or number two in the country in different product categories & enjoy a very healthy market share. It also exports tyres to other countries. But in recent times, market share of JK Tyre has declined. There are a number of customer complaints & customer satisfaction index has come down. It has a strong sales & marketing workforce of around 650 all over India & few of them are in outside India locations. CEO of JK Tyre feels that company’s Sales & Marketing employees must develop ‘customer orientation’ to improve sales.
As the Head of Talent management, what process would you follow for creating a n employee development program?
2. One Stop for all, a global retail company is planning to open 30 new outlets in Mumbai. They need to hire employees in the following categories:
- Stores Manager
- Floor Leaders
- Customer Relationship Executives
The Company would prefer that the store’s manager is well aware of the philosophy and culture of the Organization. Draw a Talent Acquisition Plan considering various acquisition techniques.
3. Ankur Dutta, the HR manager of Landmark consultants, is facing problems of high attrition and employee dissatisfaction. The major reasons sighted is unhappiness with the current performance appraisal system that employee find biased and outdated. Ankur wants to design a new performance appraisal system.
a. Suggest any three modern Performance appraisal techniques that Ankur can consider.
b. What kind of problems and biases may be employees facing with the current system?
1. “As we understand that the human factor is an important strategical element that explains a company’s differentiation capacity, it is crucial that a measurement effort of the way this function is done in the company is checked. That is the concept of the HR audit, which goes beyond the simple investigative methods, and is an extension of the traditional concept of the Audit”. Based on the above statement, find out the methodologies used by modern day companies to do the HR Audit.
2. Why is HR alignment with business goals important? Explain with reference to HR Audit.
3. The strategic Audit of HR offers the most insight to the fundamental question “how is the HR department performing”.
a. Do you agree with the above statement?
b. Substantiate your answer with relevant examples.
INTERNATIONAL HR PRACTICES
1. XYZ Ltd is a leading telecommunication company in India. The company is contemplating international expansion in Africa. After considering all the positives of such project, the board of directors now want to consider the possible bottlenecks. As an HR Manager, you are asked to point out these possible barriers or bottlenecks. List out the same.
2. ABC Ltd. is a global strategy consultancy firm based in India. They are planning to enter European market by starting their company in UK. They are planning to start a unit with 50 employees for which you are asked to design the compensation program. What will be the key components of international compensation program.
3. Indian Automobile company, operating in Saudi Arabia, has to shut its operations due to unforeseen political circumstances. This affects 150 Indian employees who were working there. In this background, as an HR Manager, answer the following:
a) What will be your repatriation process?
b) Highlight the readjustment challenge.
1. ‘Strategic human resource management is largely about integration or strategic fit between HR strategy and business strategy’. Do you agree? Differentiate between external fit and internal fit. Give example of any one organization you know of, that have achieved a fit between business strategy and HR strategy.
2. XYZ limited is exploring ways of compensating and rewarding employees as a strategy to improve retention. As an advice state and explain various reward management strategies available to XYZ ltd. Highlight the strategies available to the management in dealing with poor performance in the workplace.
3. Siemens is a 150-year old Company, but it’s not the company it was even a few years ago. Until recently, Siemens focused on producing electrical products. Today the firm has diversified into software, engineering, and services, and is also global, with over 400,000 employees working in 190 countries. In other words, Siemens became a world leader by pursuing a corporate strategy that emphasized diversifying into high-tech products and services, and doing so on a global basis.With a corporate strategy like that, human resource management plays a big role at Siemens. Sophisticated engineering services require more focus on employee selection, training and compensation than in the average firm, and globalization requires delivering these sevices globally. Siemens sums up the basic themes of its HR strategy in several points. These include:
i. A living Company is a learning Company. The high-tech nature of Siemen’s business means that employees must be able to learn on a continuing basis. Siemens uses its system of combined classroom and hands-on apprenticeship training around the world to help facilitate this. It also offers employees extensive continuing education and management development.
ii. Global teamwork is the key to developing and using all the potential of the firm’s human resources. Because it is so important for employees throughout Siemens to feel free to work together and interact, employees feel they are part of a strong unifying corporate identity. For example, HR uses cross-border, cross-cultural experienced as prerequisites for career advances.
iii. A climate of mutual respect is the bais of all relationships – within the Company and with society. Siemens contends that the wealth of nationalities, cultures, languages, and outlooks represented by its employees is one of its most valuable assets. It therefore engages in numerous HR activities aimed at building openness, transparency, and fairness, and supporting diversity.
3. A) Describe your opinion on how Siemens rates people as a vital tool in creating organizational competitive advantage.
3. B) Advice Siemens on how it should go in drafting a Training and Development Strategy and show how it should be linked to other HR functional strategies.
INTERNATIONAL LOGISTICS & SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
1. ABC organization wants to expand their production capacity and needs space. Management asks you to explore whether the warehousing operations can be shifted to either third party logistics or locate the warehouse outside the premises of the company at a cheaper rate of rent and operational expenses. Explain your recommendation with the cost benefit of both options.
2. You are a Procurement Manager and need to procure 30 lac plastic containers of 100 gm capacity for packing your products. You have two options i.e (1) Procure locally (2) import them. Exporter is willing to give 45 days credit but the minimum order quantity is 15 lac containers. Local manufacturer is willing to give on payment against delivery and the minimum order quantity is 10 lac containers. The landed cost is more or less same in both imported and local procurement. Explain your proposal to the management with the supporting details of your decision.
3. You have to outsource transportation of car glasses for 2 years for your organization . There are 6 types of auto glass on a vehicle: the front Windshield, front and rear door auto glass, vent glass, quarter glass, and back glass. You need two 9 ton trucks which have to be modified to hold these different types of glasses.
Transporter offers two quotes.
i. He will provide two vehicles and modify the vehicles at his cost. The monthly transportation charges would be Rs. 1.2 lacs irrespective of whether you use them or not.
ii. You can buy two vehicles of 9 ton capacity and modify the vehicles. The average monthly cost works out to be Rs. 70,000.
Kindly give your decision on the following:
a. What are the benefits and drawbacks in option (1) and what are the benefits and drawbacks in option (2).
b. Which option you will select and the reasons for the same.
1. There is an amusement theme park opened a few years back named as Imagica which is an excellent source of entertainment to its consumers. Prepare a suitable B2B Segmentation, Targeting & Positioning Strategy for Imagica.
2. You are appointed as a Marketing Manager for a leading brand of Aroma Diffuser & Oil targeted to hospitality industry. The Aroma Oil is manufactured & is sold at various hotels, hospitals & corporates. Prepare a suitable Supply Chain Management to be followed for Aroma Oil.
3. Tas Ltd is an emerging brand in the business of tiffin services & is serving its clients successfully. It plans to offer its services to corporates for their employees & other events. The idea that Tas Ltd has is of tiffin services to be extended to corporates depending on their preferences. As an expert advice this new start up.
a. Prepare a communication plan for Tas Ltd. focusing on the corporate.
b. Recommend a suitable sales promotion tool to be adopted by Tas Ltd.
INTEGRATED MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS
1. You are the owner of a fashion store. You have planned an end of season sale. How would you use sales promotion tool to make the sale a success?
2. You are the brand manager of a teen brand. Your company has tied up with an NGO to teach life skills to college students from lower strata to help them succeed in their future careers. How will you leverage this association to build positive equity for your brand?
3. Case Study
Himalaya aims to double Market share in Men’s Face Wash
Source: PTI feed India Today
The overall facewash category is Rs. 1800 Cr. Of which Men’s face wash accounts for 15-20%. Himalaya is the market leader of the overall facewash category with 24% market share. In Men’s category they have a 10% Market share. They are looking at expanding their portfolio by evaluating Hair Gels and Creams for men. The Men’s grooming segment is estimated to be around 5800 Cr. And they are looking at sports as a platform to drive it’s mens segment. The Personal care industry is 69856 Cr. With herbal and ayurvedic being 31% of it. The company has 250 stock keeping units and 200 standalone retail stores and plans to expand it to 300-400 outlets in the next 3 years. The next growth will come from Tier II cities where they are looking at expanding their stores. 50% of current stores are also in tier II cities. Himalaya is looking at doubling their share in 3 years. Men’s grooming segment is growing at 10% due to higher exposure to brands on account of more men travelling abroad and exposure through online presence of leading brands like Gillette, Axe, Nivea, Emami Fair & Handsome.
a. In a competitive market with many serious players, how would you approach IMC to double the market share?
b. What tactics would you use for the Media mix ttowards doubling market share? What areas would you leverage in the promotional activity?
WORLD CLASS OPERATIONS
1. Pick up a manufacturing organization and briefly explain how the organization works for achieving customer satisfaction.
2. Differentiate between Reliability, Availability and Maintainability with reference to a manufacturing firm of your choice.
3. a) What do you understand by Fault Tree Analysis?
b) Explain the steps to be followed for Fault Tree Analysis after selecting a suitable example.
DECISION ANALYSIS & MODELING
1. There is a relationship between the Primal and the Dual problem in Linear Programing Problems. In this context explain the Primal and the Dual Problem and establish the relationship between the two.
2. In Assignment Problems, often we face some additional constraints in the form of prohibited assignments. What do you understand by these prohibited assignments?
3. The owner of Fancy Goods Shop is interested to determine how many advertisements to release in the selected three magazines – A, B, and C. His main purpose is to advertise in such a way that total exposure to principal, buyers of his goods is maximised. Percentage of readers for each magazine is known. Exposure in any particular magazine is the number of advertisements released multiplied by the number of principal buyers. The following date is available:
|Readers||1.0 lakh||0.6 lakh||0.4 lakh|
|Cost per Advertisement||8,000||6,000||5,000|
The budgeted amount is at the most Rs.1.0 lakh for the advertisements. The owner has already decided that magazine A should have no more than 15 advertisements and that B and C each at least 8 advertisements.
a. Identify the decision variables.
b. Formulate the problem as a Linear Programming Problem.
ADVANCED SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
1. You are required to design a distribution network for a large e-Retailing company which deals with home appliances. Customers normally place a single order for different appliances of different brand. What distribution network do you think will be most suitable? What will be the benefit and drawback if any?
2. You have successfully implemented supply chain strategy and distribution network. Now how will you measure the performance of the supply chain strategy to know how well it has impacted the organizations?
3. You are responsible for Inventory management in your organization. Investment in inventory is one of the largest assets of any business and is difficult to manage if it involves multiple items that are located at multiple points.
a. What are the various inventory related costs and how will you calculate them?
b. What steps will you take for efficient management of multiple-items, multiple-location inventory?