Financial Accounting & Analysis June 2018 Assignment

31 Mar

Financial Accounting & Analysis

Q1. From the following information of A star Ltd. prepare the Cash Flow statement for the year ended 2017 and 2018 as per AS – 3.

Liabilities 31-3-2017 31-3-2018 Assets 31-3-2017 31-3-2018
Equity share capital 220,000 250,000 Machinery 200,000 230,000
9% Preference Share Capital 100,000 110,000 Building 150,000 176,000
Securities Premium 20,000 26,000 Land 18,000 18,000
Profit & Loss A/c 104,000 134,000 Stock 84,000 98,000
5% Debentures 70,000 64,000 Debtors 38,000 38,000
Creditors 38,000 46,000 Bills Receivable 42,000 62,000
Bills Payable 5,000 4,000 Cash 42,000 32,000
Provision for Tax 10,000 12,000
Dividends payable 7,000 8,000
574,000 654,000 574,000 654,000

Q2. Balance Sheet for JK Ltd. for the year ended 31st March 2016 & 2017

Liabilities 2016 2017 Assets 2016 2017
Equity Share Capital 200,000 200,000 Land 50,000 50,000
9% Preference Share Capital 150,000 150,000 Building 150,000 135,000
Reserves 100,000 122,500 Plant & Machinery 150,000 135,000
17% Debentures 50,000 75,000 Furniture 50,000 70,000
Creditors 75,000 100,000 Stock 100,000 150,000
Bills Payable 25,000 37,500 Debtors 100,000 150,000
Tax payable 50,000 75,000 Cash 50,000 70,000
650000 760000 650000 760000

Profit & Loss Account for JK Ltd. for the year ended 31st March 2016 and 2017

Particulars 2016 2017 Particulars 2016 2017
To Cost of goods sold 300,000 375,000 By Sales 400,000 500,000
To Operating Expenses
Administrative 6,500 7,250
Selling 10,000 10,000
To Interest on Debentures 8,500 12,750
To Net Profit 75,000 95,000
400,000 500,000 400,000 500,000

Using the tool of commonsize financial statement analysis, comment about the improvement or decline of financial performance of the company.

Q3. The following extracts are available from the financial statements of companies V ltd. and J Ltd. for the year ended 31st March 2017: (Rs. In Lakhs)

Particulars V Ltd. J Ltd.
Revenue from operations 1,500 6,000
Manufacturing cost 900 4,050
Interest paid 105 375
Depreciation 135 675
Selling expenses 135 225
Income Tax 90 225
Non-operating income 45 285
Dividend paid 120 600
Fixed Assets 1,500 7,350
Current Assets 525 2,250
Current Liabilities 375 2100
Debentures 600 3,300
Reserves 450 1,200
Share Capital 600 3,000

From the above information answer the following questions with the help of suitable ratios:

3 a)

  • Which company has better solvency using current ratio and share value using earning per share?
  • Which company would you recommend for investment? Justify.

3 b)

  • Which company has efficiently employed capital using return on capital employed and better operational efficiency using operating profit ratio?
  • Which company would you recommend for investment? Justify.

Capital gearing ratio and interpret the same

07 Sep

Financial Accounting & Analysis

1. Mr. Berrybell wants to assess the ability of an enterprise named Anyway, so as to confirm whether the enterprise is capable to generate sufficient cash flows or not. Anyway submits the following information for the year ended 31 March2017.

Particulars (Rs. In lacs)
Shares issued during the year 5
Capital assets purchased 1.5
Proceed from sale of an asset 2
Dividend declared and paid 1
Increase in debtors 1.5
Loss on sale of asset 0.2
Net income before taxes 8.8
Depreciation & Amortisation 3.8

Discuss the relevance of preparing the cash flow statement. Indicate and comment on the following:

  • Cash from operation
  • Cash from investing activities
  • Cash from financing activities
  • Closing balance

2. You are being appointed as the accounts executive of Jayesh Motiwala & Company. The principal business of the company is dealing in pearl ornaments at its retail outlet in Jaipur. The management is unaware about the relevance of accounting standard applicable while accounting for the business. Your responsibility is to convince them to comply with the Accounting Standards, by giving a brief presentation on the objectives behind complying with the accounting standard and the benefits to the enterprise by following the same.

3. The following is the Balance Sheet of Caterpillar Ltd as on 31st March 2017

Equity share capital 500000 Fixed assets 695800
Preference share capital 300000 Stock 135000
Reserves & Surplus 255000 Debtors 145000
Creditors 45500 Cash & Bank 150600
Outstanding liablilites 25900
1126400 1126400

Ascertain –

a) Current ratio and liquid ratio. What if the industry average for the same is 2 and 1 respectively.

b) Capital gearing ratio and interpret the same.

Current ratio and liquid ratio. What if the industry average for the same is 2 and 1 respectively

07 Sep

Financial Accounting & Analysis

1. Mr. Berrybell wants to assess the ability of an enterprise named Anyway, so as to confirm whether the enterprise is capable to generate sufficient cash flows or not. Anyway submits the following information for the year ended 31 March2017.

Particulars (Rs. In lacs)
Shares issued during the year 5
Capital assets purchased 1.5
Proceed from sale of an asset 2
Dividend declared and paid 1
Increase in debtors 1.5
Loss on sale of asset 0.2
Net income before taxes 8.8
Depreciation & Amortisation 3.8

Discuss the relevance of preparing the cash flow statement. Indicate and comment on the following:

  • Cash from operation
  • Cash from investing activities
  • Cash from financing activities
  • Closing balance

2. You are being appointed as the accounts executive of Jayesh Motiwala & Company. The principal business of the company is dealing in pearl ornaments at its retail outlet in Jaipur. The management is unaware about the relevance of accounting standard applicable while accounting for the business. Your responsibility is to convince them to comply with the Accounting Standards, by giving a brief presentation on the objectives behind complying with the accounting standard and the benefits to the enterprise by following the same.

3. The following is the Balance Sheet of Caterpillar Ltd as on 31st March 2017

Equity share capital 500000 Fixed assets 695800
Preference share capital 300000 Stock 135000
Reserves & Surplus 255000 Debtors 145000
Creditors 45500 Cash & Bank 150600
Outstanding liablilites 25900
1126400 1126400

Ascertain –

a) Current ratio and liquid ratio. What if the industry average for the same is 2 and 1 respectively.

b) Capital gearing ratio and interpret the same.

The following is the Balance Sheet of Caterpillar Ltd as on 31st March 2017

07 Sep

Financial Accounting & Analysis

1. Mr. Berrybell wants to assess the ability of an enterprise named Anyway, so as to confirm whether the enterprise is capable to generate sufficient cash flows or not. Anyway submits the following information for the year ended 31 March2017.

Particulars (Rs. In lacs)
Shares issued during the year 5
Capital assets purchased 1.5
Proceed from sale of an asset 2
Dividend declared and paid 1
Increase in debtors 1.5
Loss on sale of asset 0.2
Net income before taxes 8.8
Depreciation & Amortisation 3.8

Discuss the relevance of preparing the cash flow statement. Indicate and comment on the following:

  • Cash from operation
  • Cash from investing activities
  • Cash from financing activities
  • Closing balance

2. You are being appointed as the accounts executive of Jayesh Motiwala & Company. The principal business of the company is dealing in pearl ornaments at its retail outlet in Jaipur. The management is unaware about the relevance of accounting standard applicable while accounting for the business. Your responsibility is to convince them to comply with the Accounting Standards, by giving a brief presentation on the objectives behind complying with the accounting standard and the benefits to the enterprise by following the same.

3. The following is the Balance Sheet of Caterpillar Ltd as on 31st March 2017

Equity share capital 500000 Fixed assets 695800
Preference share capital 300000 Stock 135000
Reserves & Surplus 255000 Debtors 145000
Creditors 45500 Cash & Bank 150600
Outstanding liablilites 25900
1126400 1126400

Ascertain –

a) Current ratio and liquid ratio. What if the industry average for the same is 2 and 1 respectively.

b) Capital gearing ratio and interpret the same.

You are being appointed as the accounts executive of Jayesh Motiwala & Company

07 Sep

Financial Accounting & Analysis

1. Mr. Berrybell wants to assess the ability of an enterprise named Anyway, so as to confirm whether the enterprise is capable to generate sufficient cash flows or not. Anyway submits the following information for the year ended 31 March2017.

Particulars (Rs. In lacs)
Shares issued during the year 5
Capital assets purchased 1.5
Proceed from sale of an asset 2
Dividend declared and paid 1
Increase in debtors 1.5
Loss on sale of asset 0.2
Net income before taxes 8.8
Depreciation & Amortisation 3.8

Discuss the relevance of preparing the cash flow statement. Indicate and comment on the following:

  • Cash from operation
  • Cash from investing activities
  • Cash from financing activities
  • Closing balance

2. You are being appointed as the accounts executive of Jayesh Motiwala & Company. The principal business of the company is dealing in pearl ornaments at its retail outlet in Jaipur. The management is unaware about the relevance of accounting standard applicable while accounting for the business. Your responsibility is to convince them to comply with the Accounting Standards, by giving a brief presentation on the objectives behind complying with the accounting standard and the benefits to the enterprise by following the same.

3. The following is the Balance Sheet of Caterpillar Ltd as on 31st March 2017

Equity share capital 500000 Fixed assets 695800
Preference share capital 300000 Stock 135000
Reserves & Surplus 255000 Debtors 145000
Creditors 45500 Cash & Bank 150600
Outstanding liablilites 25900
1126400 1126400

Ascertain –

a) Current ratio and liquid ratio. What if the industry average for the same is 2 and 1 respectively.

b) Capital gearing ratio and interpret the same.

Mr. Berrybell wants to assess the ability of an enterprise named Anyway

07 Sep

Financial Accounting & Analysis

1. Mr. Berrybell wants to assess the ability of an enterprise named Anyway, so as to confirm whether the enterprise is capable to generate sufficient cash flows or not. Anyway submits the following information for the year ended 31 March2017.

Particulars (Rs. In lacs)
Shares issued during the year 5
Capital assets purchased 1.5
Proceed from sale of an asset 2
Dividend declared and paid 1
Increase in debtors 1.5
Loss on sale of asset 0.2
Net income before taxes 8.8
Depreciation & Amortisation 3.8

Discuss the relevance of preparing the cash flow statement. Indicate and comment on the following:

  • Cash from operation
  • Cash from investing activities
  • Cash from financing activities
  • Closing balance

2. You are being appointed as the accounts executive of Jayesh Motiwala & Company. The principal business of the company is dealing in pearl ornaments at its retail outlet in Jaipur. The management is unaware about the relevance of accounting standard applicable while accounting for the business. Your responsibility is to convince them to comply with the Accounting Standards, by giving a brief presentation on the objectives behind complying with the accounting standard and the benefits to the enterprise by following the same.

3. The following is the Balance Sheet of Caterpillar Ltd as on 31st March 2017

Equity share capital 500000 Fixed assets 695800
Preference share capital 300000 Stock 135000
Reserves & Surplus 255000 Debtors 145000
Creditors 45500 Cash & Bank 150600
Outstanding liablilites 25900
1126400 1126400

Ascertain –

a) Current ratio and liquid ratio. What if the industry average for the same is 2 and 1 respectively.

b) Capital gearing ratio and interpret the same.

Financial Accounting & Analysis

07 Sep

Financial Accounting & Analysis

1. Mr. Berrybell wants to assess the ability of an enterprise named Anyway, so as to confirm whether the enterprise is capable to generate sufficient cash flows or not. Anyway submits the following information for the year ended 31 March2017.

Particulars (Rs. In lacs)
Shares issued during the year 5
Capital assets purchased 1.5
Proceed from sale of an asset 2
Dividend declared and paid 1
Increase in debtors 1.5
Loss on sale of asset 0.2
Net income before taxes 8.8
Depreciation & Amortisation 3.8

Discuss the relevance of preparing the cash flow statement. Indicate and comment on the following:

  • Cash from operation
  • Cash from investing activities
  • Cash from financing activities
  • Closing balance

2. You are being appointed as the accounts executive of Jayesh Motiwala & Company. The principal business of the company is dealing in pearl ornaments at its retail outlet in Jaipur. The management is unaware about the relevance of accounting standard applicable while accounting for the business. Your responsibility is to convince them to comply with the Accounting Standards, by giving a brief presentation on the objectives behind complying with the accounting standard and the benefits to the enterprise by following the same.

3. The following is the Balance Sheet of Caterpillar Ltd as on 31st March 2017

Equity share capital 500000 Fixed assets 695800
Preference share capital 300000 Stock 135000
Reserves & Surplus 255000 Debtors 145000
Creditors 45500 Cash & Bank 150600
Outstanding liablilites 25900
1126400 1126400

Ascertain –

a) Current ratio and liquid ratio. What if the industry average for the same is 2 and 1 respectively.

b) Capital gearing ratio and interpret the same.

Financial Accounting & Analysis

14 Jun

Question 1

Calculate Net cash flow from operating activities and discuss how here the non-cash item and the non-operating items are to be treated

  • Net profit for the year 155000
  • One of the machinery whose opening written down value is 120000/- depreciation charged on the same Rs 15000 is sold at the year-end for Rs 95000.Loss on sale of machinery included in above.
  • Interest received included in above Rs2000
  • The opening balances of stock is Rs 50000/- and the closing is Rs 55000/-
  • The opening balances of creditors is Rs 75000/- and the closing is Rs 90000/-

Question 2

You being the account’s manager of JVP Ltd in the online grocery business. The account executive recognizes the income arising from lease rentals on the basis of accounting standard -9 which talks about revenue recognition.

You have a difference of opinion with him as this Accounting standard is not applicable to income arising from lease agreement and other income mentioned there. How will you make him understand what exactly AS-9 talks about?

Question 3

From the following information

Liabilities Amount Assets Amount
Equity share Capital 225000 Fixed assets

(net depreciation)

 

226000
Reserves & Surplus 105000 Stock 48000
Bank Over draft 115000 Debtors 72000
Creditors 55000 Bank 154000
Total 500000 Total 500000

 

Calculate –

  1. Cash ratio and interpret the results.
  2. Interpret how quick ratio is different from current ratio if computed in the above scenario.